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Intellectual Disabilities

Students with intellectual disabilities represent a diverse group of learners. Like many students, they display unique challenges, skills, preferences, and experiences. Here, you will find information and resources for professionals whose students access the curriculum through the Aligned Standards of Learning (ASOL). The resources listed represent current research in education and strategies for promoting meaningful instruction and post school outcomes for learners with intellectual disabilities.

What does the term intellectual disability mean?

Where can I find resources to understand intellectual disabilities better?
Visit www.ttaconline. Click on yor region or click on the top button, “disability,” the left panel, “intellectual disabilities” and the top button, “resources:” and visit the Kellar Lending library and use the online catalog to search according to your need.

What are the Aligned Standards of Learning?
http://www.doe.virginia.gov/testing/alternative_assessments/vaap_va_alt_assessment_prog/implementation_manual.pdf A host of resources are available to support instruction in the ASOL. Visit www.ttaconline, and, you will find answers to these questions:

Where can I find curriculum frameworks for the ASOL?

Where can I find ASOL/VAAP instructional resources?

Where can I find ASOL sample activities? (not yet available, coming soon!)

  • What ASOL Literacy curriculum resources are available in the Kellar Lending Library?


    Early Literacy Skill Builders (ELSB) www.attainmentcompany.com/elsb:
    This literacy instruction program is designed to enhance reading development by addressing the five essential components of reading identified by the National Reading Panel (2000). ESLB offers students the opportunity to make progress in literacy at their own pace, while also learning literature and concepts aligned to their current grade level.

    MEville to WEville www.ablenetinc.com/Curriculum/MEville-to-WEville-Literacy
    This literacy instruction program is designed specifically for students with significant cognitive disabilities, and provides literacy learning opportunities through units focused on self, family and school. Each unit contains an instructional manual, an action dictionary, lessons and extension activities for reading, writing and creating books, activity reproducibles, and data collection tools.

    Start to Finish Books www.donjohnston.com/products/start_to_finish/library/index.html
    Start-to-Finish is a collection of books supported with audio, computer and print media for reading, language arts, social studies and science instruction. Developed with students with significant cognitive disabilities in mind, books have been developed with a focus of improving content comprehension. T-TAC lending libraries house 17 Start to Finish Literacy Titles.

    PCI www.proedinc.com/customer/productView.aspx?ID=5231
    The PCI Reading Program is a research-based curriculum designed to help nonreaders become successful readers using the whole word method. Created specifically for students with developmental disabilities, autism, and significant learning disabilities, the three-level program ensures success through a series of highly controlled mastery-based activities.

    ALL Reading Curriculum www.mayer-johnson.com/all-reading-curriculum/
    The Accessible Literacy Learning ALL Reading Program is an evidence-based reading instruction program that has been proven highly effective in teaching students with disabilities to read. ALL eliminates the need for oral responses, helping even non-verbal students learn to read.

  • What ASOL Literacy on-line resources might I want to know more about?


    Adapted Books:

    University of North Carolina at Charlotte: click here

    E-Books: click here

    Tar Heel Reader: click here
    A collection of free, easy-to-read, and accessible books on a wide range of topics. Each book can be speech enabled and accessed using multiple interfaces (i.e. switches, alternative keyboards, touch screens, and dedicated AAC devices). The books may be downloaded as slide shows in PowerPoint, Impress, or Flash format.

    Picture Me Reading:click here
    Published program based on teaching site words by stimulus fading teaching strategy

  • What ASOL Math curriculum resources are available in the Kellar Lending Library?


    Basic Picture Math: Visual Activities for Basic Math Concepts: click here
    This series was developed to help beginning and struggling readers improve their basic math skills. Each level contains reproducible activity sheets designed to be as simple and visual as possible to ensure students' success. Practice for real-world situations is also included.

    Equals Math: click here
    These manipulatives are for use with Equals, a Pre K-12 curriculum for educators who work with students in special education or in alternative education program.

    Stages Math: click here
    Software that helps students with intellectual disabilities recognize and use numbers fluently, identify numbers' relative values. count, compare, and sequence numbers, locate numbers on a number line, identify parts of a whole and recall basic math facts quickly.

    PCI Word Problems for Non-Readers: click here
    PCI helps students with limited or no reading skills solve basic addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division problems based on life in the real world. The activity sheets are illustrated to allow visual learners to understand how math works in everyday life.

  • What ASOL Science curriculum resources are available in the Kellar Lending Library?


    Teaching to the Standards Science: click here
    A year-long standards based curriculum: Students participate in a hands-on experiment during each lesson. Response pages help them engage in the inquiry process. Their own student book, ScienceWork, provides extension activities that connect the science concepts to the world around them. Teachers follow scripted lessons that provide clear direction for individual student accommodations. A set of experiment materials included in the Classroom Kit makes it easy to prepare for class. An electronic Image Library can be used to create communication overlays and additional homework assignments

  • Are there crosswalks available that link the ASOL to commercial curriculum resources?


    Yes, thanks to the generosity of Fairfax County Public Schools, these crosswalks have been created to assist special education personnel in ASOL instruction:

  • Are there videos available that demonstrate how to create materials and
    provide instruction in the ASOLs?

  • What communication assessments are available, and what resources for communication instruction
    can I access for students with intellectual disabilities?


    Visit VCU's Autism Center

    Visit the Kellar Lending library and use the online catalog to search according to your need.

  • Other online communication resources:

    • www.nationaldb.org
      • While developed by the National Consortium of Deaf Blindness, this website offers a variety of resources and articles related to students with multiple disabilities, and provides guidelines and tools for completing assessments through multiple modalities.
    • www.lburkhart.com/index.html
      • This website, developed and maintained by Linda Burkhart, provides a comprehensive list of resources and links to assistive technology and augmentative communication resources for learners with multiple disabilities.
    • http://aac.unl.edu
      • This website is devoted to providing access to a wide range of information and resources related to the Augmentative and Alternative Communication. It is maintained by the Barkley AAC Center and the Munroe-Meyer Institute for Genetics and Rehabilitation at the University of Nebraska.
    • www.designtolearn.com
      • This website offers a pdf free family communication assessment for multiple modality communicators.
    • http://www.designtolearn.com/uploaded/pdf/HomeTalk.pdf
      • Another website developed originally for assessment of children with deaf/blindness, this website houses a free family communication assessment for multiple modality communicators.
    • www.osepideasthatwork.org/toolkit/InstPract_tan_sym.asp
      • This website offers information on creating tangible symbol communication systems.


Karen Berlin, M.Ed., BCBA,
Autism and Intellectual Disabilities Coordinator